12 Sep 2007
To explain the term carbohydrate, start with the Sun. Sunlight strikes a leaf and through a complex process--not yet completely understood-- the energy in the sunlight is used by Chlorophyll (the green coloring matter in the leaf) to manufacture carbohydrate out of the carbon dioxide in air and water taken up from the soil. This is called photosynthesis.
According to some, if we knew how to duplicate the process of photosynthesis in a laboratory, no one would go hungry again.
Carbohydrates are the most abundant organic substances. Carbohydrate makes up the structural parts of plants in the form of cellulose as well as stores of starches and sugars. Carbohydrates are complex molecules composed of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen.